Juma (Arabic: Friday; lit. “Friday”) is the holiest day of the week, on which special congregational prayers are offered. Fridays are celebrated as a day of celebration for Muslims. Muslim women wear clean clothes, bathe, and prepare special meals on Fridays.
Jumu’ah (English: Friday prayer) takes place in the afternoon instead of the Zuhr prayer. It originates from the same root as jama’a, which means “the gathering of the people.” In many Muslim countries, the weekend includes Fridays, Peoples also shares Happy Friday Gif Images on Friday with family and friends.
Among the most exalted Islamic rituals, it constitutes one of its confirmed obligatory acts. 
There is a general consensus among Muslims that the Friday prayer (salat al-jumu’ah) is a wajib according to the Quranic verse, as well as to the many traditions related by both Shi’i and Sunni sources. Several Shiite jurists and the majority of Sunni schools regard Friday prayer as a religious obligation. However, their disagreement is over whether it is wajib only when the ruler or his deputy is present, or if it is wajib unconditionally. The Hanafis and the Imams believe that neither the ruler nor his nominee should be absent during Friday prayer, and if either of them are not present, the prayer is not obligatory. In the Imamis, justness (‘adil) is a prerequisite for rule; otherwise, a ruler’s presence is equivalent to his absence. Even if he is not just, his presence suffices for the Hanafis. There is no significance attached to the presence of the ruler among Shafi’is, Malikis and Hanbalis.
Jumu’ah is not mandatory for old people, children, women, slaves, travellers, the sick, blind and disabled, as well as those who live longer than two farsakhs.
Based on Islamic texts
In the Quran it is mentioned:
Faithful ones, stand up! Please leave all business and hurry to remember God on Friday when prayer is called. If you know that, you would be better off. Then disperse through the land to ask for God’s blessing, and keep God very much in mind in order to succeed.
It is related that the Prophet stated, “When the imam sits (on the pulpit) on Fridays, the angels take their stand at every gate of the mosque, writing the names of the people chronologically (according to the time of their arrival for the Friday prayer).”
The Muslim prophet Muhammad used to read Surahs 87 (al-Ala) and 88 (al-Ghashiya) during Eid and Friday prayers, according to Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj an-Naysaburi. In the case of a Friday festival, Muhammad would have read the two Surahs during the prayers.
On Friday, Allah created Adam. On Friday, he entered paradise, on Friday he left it, and the Last Hour will not occur on any other day than Friday.” [Ahmad and at-Tirmithi].
“Whoever performs Ghusl on Friday and causes (his wife) to perform Ghusl, then goes early to the mosque, is present from the beginning of the Khutbah and listens attentively to the Imam, Allah will grant him the full reward of fasting for the whole year and observing night-vigil on each of its nights for every step that he took towards the mosque.” [Ibn Khuzaymah, Ahmad].
- “A pilgrimage to Jumu’ah is for the poor”
- In the case of those who fail to observe three Jumu’ah, Allah seals their hearts.
- A worshipper who bathes fully on Friday and then comes to Salatul Jumu’ah in the early hours, listens attentively to Imam’s speeches and does not commit any wrong will receive the reward of one year of fasting and prayer .
- Those who die on Friday, in the day or night, will be protected from the trials of the grave by Allah. [At-Tirmithi and Ahmad].
- Additionally, Al-Bukhari related a hadith regarding the Prophet that said: “In the day of Friday, Allah grants anything a worshipper wishes to Him during this hour, as long as he did not tell anyone about it before.” wishing for bad”.
- “Friday has 12 hours, one of which is hour where dua are granted for Muslim believers. This hour is thought to be in the afternoon, after asr prayer”.
The Sunni faith
This is half the Zuhr (dhuhr) prayer, for convenience, preceded by a sermon (technically replacing the two reduced raka**t of the normal Zuhr (dhuhr) prayer), followed by a congregational prayer led by the imam. A kha**b is generally also the imam in most cases. Every adult male who resides in the area is obligated to attend. The muezzin (mu*adhdhin) gives the adhan about 15 to 20 minutes before Jum’ah begins. Taking place on the minbar, the kha**b makes a second adhan. Kha**bs deliver two sermons, pausing for a brief moment between each. Preaching is typically longer and has more content in the first sermon. The muezzin concludes the second sermon with a dua and summons the congregation. This signals the start of the main two rak’at prayer of Jumu’ah.
The Shia Faith
Shia Islam recognizes Jumuah prayers as an essential pillar (in the time of occultation)  , thereby meaning that if the necessary conditions are met, we can offer Jumuah prayers. Salat al-Jumuah does not require Zuhr prayer if Salat al-Jumuah is offered. Scholars from the Shia community also recommend that you attend Jumu’ah since it will become Wajib after Jesus Christ (Isa) appears .
Shiite (Imamite) attach high significance to the presence of a just ruler or his representative or Faqih and in the absence of a just ruler or his representative and a just faqih, there exists an option between performing either the Friday or the zuhr prayer, although preference lies with the performance of Friday prayer.
Despite the permission of Allah for the Friday prayer to be performed before hijrah, the people were unable to gather to perform it, as reported in the history of Islam and Abdullah bn ‘Abbas’ narrations. Mus’ab b. received a note from the Prophet. Maur, who led two raka’at on Friday in congregation in Madinah for the Prophet (that is, Jumu’ah). The Prophet later held the Jumu’ah after he moved to Medina.
For the Shiites, Sunday services were discouraged historically. According to their clergy, communal Friday prayers with a sermon were wrong and had lapsed (along with several other religious practices) until the return of their 12th imam, Muhammad al-Mahdi. However, among others, Shiite modernist Muhammad ibn Muhammad Mahdi al-Khalisi (1890–1963) demanded that Shiites should more carefully observe Friday prayers in a step to bridge the gap with Sunnis. Various practices, such as communal Friday prayers, were introduced as late as the 1970s, by Ruhollah Khomeini in Iran and later by Mohammad Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr in Iraq. They justified the practice under the newly promoted Guardianship of the Islamic Jurists doctrine. When al-Sadr installed Friday prayer imams in Shia-majority areas—a practice not traditional in Iraqi Shiism and considered “revolutionary, if not heretical”—it put him at odds with the Shia religious establishment in Najaf.] Under both Khomeini and al-Sadr, political sermons would be heard.
Worshipers are more likely to comply with communal prayers than with noncommunal rituals. Among the whole adult population in Turkey, 14% regularly perform ritual prayers while 26% attend Friday prayers each week (25% sometimes attend and 19% never attend). It is possible that the figures aren’t accurate, as many Turkish men do Jumu’ah at work and a significant number of Turkish boys do Jumu’ah at school.
Iranian Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance surveys indicate that less than 1.4% of Iranians attend Friday prayers
Jumu’ahs need to fulfill certain conditions in order to be considered accurate:
- On Fridays, there must be congregational prayer.
- It is required that a congregation attends all the procedures of Jumu’ah. It is recommended that a minimum of forty people attend a Sunni court case according to the Shafi’i and Hanbali schools. Other schools confine the minimum number to 3 or 5 (better 7) persons including the Imam.
- According to a Shiite law, only one Friday prayer may be prayed in a radius of 3 miles (720 yards). If two prayers are held within this distance, the latter will be null and void.
- A minimum of 4 (or 6) persons must be attentively listening to two sermons by the Imam before the prayer. 
- Before the Friday prayer, a Khatib (lecturer) delivers a talk or sermon.  The talk consists of two distinct parts, between which the speaker needs to rest for a short time.
- Interrupting either a sermon or a prayer is not recommended. “ Whenever possible, the sermon should be delivered in Arabic, including the Qur’anic passage. The sermon should be given otherwise in the language understood by most of the faithful present, in which case the preacher should recite in Arabic Quranic verses glorifying God and Muhammad.” 
- Most Sunni and Shiite doctrines require the following contents: “”
- Glorifying and praising Allah.
- Muhammad’s progeny are wished blessings by the Prophet
- Encouragement, advice, and exhortation are given to participants.
- Reciting short Quranic verses
- The second sermon will also be expected to address the following issues in addition to those mentioned previously:
- All Muslims will find this knowledge useful in this life as well as the hereafter.
- The most important events affecting Muslims around the world.
- A particular focus should be placed on issues facing Muslims.
- Social and economic aspects of society and the world. 
- There should be no action that might steal their attention during the sermon. Attendees must pay attention to the sermon.
- “The Prophet Muhammad forbids a person with his knees drawn up to touch his abdomen during the Friday sermon.”
- Unlike morning prayer (fajr), Jumu’a prayer requires two rounds, offered immediately after Khutbah (class). Zuhr is also replaced by this prayer.
- Shiites believe that it is advisable (Sunnat) to recite Surah al-Jumu’ah in one rak’at after Surah al-Hamd and Surah al-Munafiqun in the next.
- Two qunut are especially recommended in salatul Jumu’ah (raising one’s hands during salat for supplication). A Qunut is offered before ruku’ in the 1st rak’at and a Qunut after rising from ruku’ in the 2nd rak’at.