How are Candidates Shortlisted Under the NDA Examination Process?

Enrolling in the National Defence Academy (NDA) is a dream of many youngsters in India, but only a few clear the exam. Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) organizes Naval Academy (NA) and National Defence Academy (NDA) exams twice a year to recruit candidates to the Navy, Army, and Air Force.

For every NDA recruitment exam, there are approximately 368 vacancies, and almost three lakh aspirants apply from all over the country. From these, only approx 545 candidates are called for the Services Selection Board (SSB) interview. Finally, only a few candidates are selected for further training. 

NDA Selection Process Stages:

The selection process of NDA involves two stages:

1. Written Exam

2. SSB Interview

When to apply for the NDA Written Exam?

The minimum qualification required to apply for the NDA exam is 12th pass; students appearing for class 12 can also apply. Since the NDA exam is conducted twice a year, candidates can apply in Dec/Jan or June/July. 

NDA Selection Process: Written Exam

Candidates can apply for the NDA written exam after completing the application process. The NDA written exam requires an NDA admit card that is released on the official website. The main pointers for the NDA selection process are:•

 After completing the application process, candidates can apply for the NDA written exam. The admit card for the written exam is released on the official website. 

• The NDA written exam is a 900 marks test divided further into two parts: General Ability Test and Mathematics.

• The NDA written exam duration is 180 minutes. • If NDA aspirants need help with the NDA entrance syllabus, they can follow BYJU’s Exam Prep for learning the fundamental concepts.

 • Candidates who clear the written exam have to appear for an interview that evaluates their personality or psychological aptitude and intelligence. 

NDA Selection Process: SSB Interview

The selected candidates, who secure the cutoff marks in the NDA written exam, are next called for the SSB interview round. Aspirants can get useful tips from BYJU’s Exam Prep.

 • The SSB Interview perceives two tests: Intelligence test and Psychological Aptitude test.

• Only those candidates who are selected in stage 1 of the SSB Interview will be allowed to appear for further tests.

Day 1Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) Test, Picture Perception Test (PP),Description Test (DT)
Day 2Thematic Apperception Test (TAT),Word Association Test (WAT),
Day 3Group Testing Officers Task
Day 4Interview
Day 5Conference

• The Group testing officer task includes GD (group discussion), group obstacles, group planning, etc. In these tests, the candidates are divided into groups and have specific tasks to accomplish. 
• On Day 5, the final round, there is a conference round in which all board members, technical officers, and psychologists are present to examine the candidate.• 

Candidates selected in all the tests are called for a medical examination. 

NDA Selection Process: Medical Examination• After the SSB Interview round, the selected candidates have to appear for a medical examination.

 • The medical test eliminates candidates who are unfit as per the rules. 

• The medical test takes up to four to five working days.

NDA Selection Process: Final Merit List• The final merit list is a combination of NDA written exams, five days of SSB tests, and medical tests.  
• There are a total of three merit lists released for the air force, navy, and army.

 • The final cutoff list is released approximately two months before training begins. 

After NDA final merit selection: Training Begins• After the final selection in the NDA exam, training begins at the National Defence Academy.

 • The selected aspirants are given preliminary training in both academic and physical fields for three years.

• Cadets pursue a Bachelor’s course at the academy.

• The Indian government sponsors all the selected candidates for training.

• If a student opts to leave the training mid-term, they have to pay all the expenses spent by the government on them.

During the NDA training period, students are initially paid a stipend of Rs. 56,100 per month. After the completion of training, candidates will be paid between Rs 56,100 to Rs 1,77,500 with additional incentives.